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TERRITORIAL MANAGEMENT    Ongoing major issues

Mining Activity


As of December 14, 2016, the regional county municipalities (MRC) have been granted a new power, which consists of  delimiting the mining territories in their land use and development plan (SAD).

In availing itself of this power, the MRC established under the provision of Article 6 of the Act Respecting Land Use Planning and Development  (1st paragraph, clause 7), may delimit in its land use and development plan any territory that is incompatible with mining activity pertaining to Article  304.1.1 of the Mining Act.

An incompatible mining activity territory (TIAM), as it pertains to the Mining Act, is a territory in which the viability of activities would be compromised by the impacts of mining, whether such territories are located on private sector land or on the domain of the State.

In this context, the elected officials of Brome-Missisquoi decided to move forward with an  amendment in the land use and development plan to identify the territories where the granting of new mining rights would be prohibited.

Government guidelines to comply with in the structuring of mining activity  

In addition to the legislative component, the Government devised a set of guidelines serving as a structural document for the MRCs in conducting the identification process of incompatible territories for mining activity (TIAM). Here are the government guidelines with which the MRCs must comply:



1. Protect activities whose viability would be jeopardized by the impact ensuing from mining activity in relation to the uses of the territory and concerns of the community

1.1 Identify and delimit the TIAMs 
1.2 Know and consider the concerns of the community
1.3 Know and consider the mining rights

2. Promote the development of mineral resources through the harmonizing of their uses

2.1 Regulating implementation of sensitive uses near mining sites

To learn more about the government guidelines pertaining to development of the territory “Pour assurer une cohabitation harmonieuse de l’activité minière avec les autres utilisations du territoire“, please go to the following link (in French only):

Status of the situation in Brome-Missisquoi

Active mining titles for mineral substances in the State domain in Brome-Missisquoi

Based on the information available at the time of the adoption of the draft regulation in June 2018, here are the active mining titles on Brome-Missisquoi’s territory:

A) Operating permit

There are no active operating permits on the territory of Brome-Missisquoi, and this applies to any type of mining sites whose mineral substances are in the State domain.

B) Claim for mineral substances that are in the State domain in Brome-Missisquoi

There are claims on the territory of the following municipalities: Bromont, Dunham, Frelighsburg and Sutton. The table below provides details regarding these claims:



Number of claims

Registration date


Karl Ebache


January 31, 2018

Dunham and Frelighsburg

Bowmore Exploration (Osisko Metals)


February16, 2017


9228-6202 Québec inc.


September 21, 2016

Quarries and sand pits whose mineral substances are in the private sector:

Currently, on the Brome-Missisquoi territory, the only active mining sites are quarries and sand pits whose mineral substances are in the private sector (in purple on the map of the link below). These uses are permitted in the land use and development plan in the following major sectors: Agriculture, Agroforestry, Recroforestry and Extraction. This comprises 1 346.88 km², which is 80% of the Brome-Missisquoi territory.

Map showing the quarries and sand pit sites whose mineral substances are in the private sector

What’s been done thus far  

Request for a temporary suspension for territories that are incompatible with mining activity

While waiting for the regulatory amendment in the land use and development plan to take effect, the MRC issued a request to the Minister of Energy and Natural Resources (MERN), for a temporary suspension of incompatible territories on the territory of Brome-Missisquoi (TIAM). This suspension has been in force since September 13, 2017 and it has served to prevent the granting of new mining rights during the delimitation process of TIAMs in the land use and development plan (a mining freeze, in effect).

To see the territories targeted by the temporary suspension, please check the following link:

Adoption of draft regulation 10-0618

Draft regulation 10-0618, adopted on June 19, 2018, is designed to integrate provisions into the land use and development plan (SAD) to structure mining activity and ensure a harmonious co-existence of such activities with other uses of the territory. More specifically, the draft regulation is designed for the purpose of:

  • Identifying, with the help of a map, the incompatible territories for mining activities and add standard provisions;
  • Planning for provisions pertaining to quarries and sand pits whose mineral substances are in the private sector;
  • Adding provisions to structure the implementation of sensitive uses (Ex: residential, institutional, recreational uses, etc.).

In the draft regulation, the territories incompatible with mining activities that have been identified by the MRC comprise about 95% of the territory.

Here are the elements deemed to be incompatible with mining activity in draft regulation 10-0618:

  • The entire urbanization perimeter to which a 1,000-metre protection strip has been added;
  • The dynamic Agriculture designation shown in Appendix 2 of the land use and development plan (SAD);
  • The grouping of five or more contiguous lots occupied by a residence to which a 600-metre protection strip has been added;
  • The grouping of five or more contiguous lots which has urban type use (other than residential);
  • A lot that is the site of a historical, cultural or heritage activity;
  • A lot that is the site of an agri-tourist activity;
  • A lot which has an intensive recreational activity;
  • A lot where a conservation activity is taking place;
  • Facilities from which underground or surface water is being drawn for the purposes of human consumption identified to the SAD and their protection areas;
  • Territories of interest to the MRC from a landscape standpoint, including visual landscape units in categories A1 and A2 and local topographical landmarks  as noted in maps MRC-2-14 and MRC-2-15 in Chapter 2 of the land use and development plan.
  • The major sectors of the territory  Récréation 1, Récréation 2 and Conservation.

Governmental notice of non-compliance for draft regulation 10-0618:

On August 31, 2018, the MRC received a notice of non-compliance regarding draft regulation 10-0618. Consequently, the MRC needs to make some amendments for the purpose of adopting a regulation compliant with the governmental guideline.

Links to the documents:

Summary of proposed structural standard

Type of mining site

Targeted by territories incompatible with mining activity (TIAM)

Agriculture, Agroforestry, Recreoforestry and Extraction sector

Prohibited from  implementation: visual units of the landscape in categories A1 and A2 + local and regional topographical landmarks

Provisions for the implementation of sensitive uses near mining sites

Quarries and sand pits whose mineral substances are in the private sector





Other mine sites that are not quarries or sand pits whose mineral substances are in the private sector


Applicable TIAM map  

Applicable TIAM map


Next steps:

  • Public consultation on draft regulation 10-0618

The MRC Brome-Missisquoi invites citizens to participate in a public consultation which will be held on Wednesday, November 21, 2018, starting at 7 p.m. It will take place at the Town Hall in Frelighsburg, located at 2 Place de l’Hôtel de Ville, Frelighsburg.

To consult the revised incompatible territories to the mining activity following the notice of non-compliance of the Government, please refer to the following map:

Click here for a fullscreen map

  • Consultation for claims’ holders and the Indigenous Peoples’ communities

Holders of mining titles (of claims, in this instance) and the Abenaki community also need to be consulted so they are aware of the undertaking and are apprised of the territories the MRC plans to identify as territories that are incompatible with mining activity.  

  • Final adoption of regulation 10-0618 and sending it to the Minister of Energy and Natural Resources (MERN)

Comments emanating from the governmental notice of non-compliance, and from the various parties of interest will be analyzed and the MRC will then make the required amendments to draft regulation 10-0618 in the aim of adopting a final regulation.

Following final adoption of the regulation changing the land use and development plan (SAD), the Ministry of Municipal Affairs, and Land Occupancy (MAMOT) and the MERN will ensure the regulation complies with the governmental guideline for development in the territory: “Pour assurer une cohabitation harmonieuse de l’activité minière avec les autres utilisations du territoire”. If it is deemed to be compliant, the regulation could come into force within 60 days after it is received by governmental authorities.

The withdrawal of incompatible territories’ mining activities will be in effect as of the day of their publication on the map of MERN  of mining titles (GESTIM).

Other relevant links

  • GESTIM (service de consultation électronique en temps réel des données dès qu'elles sont inscrites au registre public des droits miniers réels et immobiliers du Québec.) :
  • Interactive map on SIGEOM (Système d'information géominière du Québec) :

Additional questions

Should you have any questions, please contact the person in charge of this dossier at the MRC, Mrs. Nathalie Grimard, at or at 450 266-4900 extension 242.

Article 59 – Îlots déstructurés (in French only)

Dans le cadre de l’article 59 de la Loi sur la protection du territoire agricole du Québec, la MRC a procédé à une demande à portée collective afin d’identifier les îlots déstructurés sur son territoire.  Ces îlots représentent des secteurs en zone agricole permanente (zone verte) où l’on retrouve une concentration d’usages à des fins autres qu’agricoles, principalement résidentiels.  Cette demande a pour but d’autoriser l’établissement de nouvelles résidences par la CPTAQ à l’intérieur des îlots identifiés en une seule et même décision, tout en respectant les dispositions particulières d’aménagement établies par la MRC.

La décision no 372362 de la CPTAQ reconnait 207 îlots déstructurés sur l’ensemble du territoire de Brome-Missisquoi. La MRC a adopté en janvier 2013 un règlement de remplacement pour faire entrer en vigueur cette décision, remplacement rendu nécessaire suite au refus en juin 2012 du premier RCI de la MRC par le ministre des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l’Occupation du territoire (MAMROT). Ce règlement de remplacement a aussi fait l’objet d’un refus de la part du MAMROT en mars 2013, ce qui a empêché son entrée en vigueur. Le règlement de remplacement visait à faire reconnaitre 189 des 207 îlots (voir annexe C), alors que les 18 îlots restants (annexe D) étaient temporairement exclus du règlement, le temps de négocier avec le gouvernement et les partenaires et d’en réviser les limites. La MRC continue à travailler ce dossier pour trouver un terrain d’entente avec le gouvernement.

Voici l’ensemble des documents nécessaires à la compréhension des îlots déstructurés :

Agricultural zone development plan (documents in French only)

Development Plan of the Agricultural Zone

Brome-Missisquoi: for a green and healthy agriculture

Plan de développement de la zone agricole (PDZA)

Résumé plan de développement de la zone agricole (PDZA)

In partnership with the Ministère de l’Agriculture, Pêcherie et Alimentation du Québec(MAPAQ), the MRC is currently developing a plan to develop its agricultural zone (PDZA) as part of a provincial pilot project.

This plan is intended to be a territorial planning tool aiming at fostering the development of the region's full agricultural potential. More precisely, it is intended to promote the development of agriculture in the region and its related activities within the agricultural zone. This approach relies mainly on the community's cooperation to meet the interests and wishes of those concerned by suitable agriculture for the region.

Participate on the PDZA's BLOG! Express your self !

Consult the "Guide du bon voisinage”
produced by Au Coeur des Familles Agricoles. (in French only)

Guide du bon voisinage